Modest asset growth outpaces liabilities for plan sponsors
According to the BNY Mellon Institutional Scorecard, which is available online here, the funded status of typical U.S. corporate defined benefit (DB) plans increased by 0.3 percent in May, up to 80.2 percent. Over the course of the month, assets grew by 0.5 percent, which outpaced the increase in liabilities—up only 0.1 percent in May.
Corporate discount rates in May remained at the same level as the previous month, yielding 3.91 percent, which helped to keep liabilities close to flat. On the year, assets are now up 4.9 percent, but that growth remains behind liabilities, up 9.2 percent for typical U.S. corporate DB plan sponsors.
According to BNY Mellon estimates, the S&P 500 pension deficit is estimated to have decreased by $6 billion in May, to $430 billion.
"The trend of asset growth being largely offset by liability growth continued again in May." said Andrew Wozniak, head of BNY Mellon Fiduciary Solutions. "Funded status is about 15% below the 2013 high, and lack of improvement of funding levels through capital markets and the sense of urgency created by PBGC premium changes are causing sponsors to consider formal funding policies despite the latest round of funding relief."
In May, the typical public DB plan fell short of its target of excess returns over a 7.5 percent annual return by 0.2 percent. Typical public DB plans are now up 0.3 percent against their goal year-to-date, but remain 9.3 percent behind their 12 month target. May ended a two month streak of above-target returns for typical public DB plans.
Endowments & foundations beat their goal of real return in excess of inflation and 5 percent spending by 0.1 percent in May. Endowments & foundations are up 1.2 percent against their target year-to-date, but still 8.1 percent behind their 12 month return target, despite modest inflation over the past year. REITs were a factor in helping endowments & foundations achieve their return target in May, returning 0.7 percent.
Of the other asset classes the scorecard tracks, U.S. Small Cap and Large Cap Equities had a strong month, returning 2.3 and 1.8 percent, respectively. International equities did not fare as well, as emerging market equities were down 3.7 percent, and developed market equities were down 1.7 percent.
Credit markets saw mixed results in May as well, with High Yield bonds up 0.6 percent; Long Duration Fixed Income up 0.3 percent, and Global Fixed Income and Emerging Market Debt down 1.3 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively.