Over 40 percent of millennials surveyed say they receive no financial information from workplace or educational establishment
Half of survey participants admit relying on a "blind guess" to estimate their required retirement fund
Respondents would allocate over 40 percent of their portfolio to social finance products
Financial services providers were given a stark warning about their failure to engage with millennials in a new study by BNY Mellon and a team of students from Cambridge Judge Business School, University of Cambridge.
BNY Mellon, a global leader in investment management and investment services, worked with the Cambridge team to explore millennials' understanding of the financial choices available to them; their educational and product needs; and their attitudes to social finance. The report is entitled Generation Lost: Engaging Millennials with Retirement Saving.
The report surveyed millennials (those born between 1980 and the turn of the century) across six key markets - Australia, Brazil, Japan, the Netherlands, the UK and the US. The researchers engaged with a broad range of millennial populations: in emerging and emerged markets; in countries with a collective approach to retirement and those relying on a unit-linked system; and those with access to compulsory and voluntary pension schemes.
The researchers found that many millennials face a less comfortable retirement than their parents and their grandparents as a result of demographic, political and macro-economic trends. Yet many are unaware of the realities of the future that awaits them, according to the report. Their lack of understanding of financial matters appears to be as much a result of a lack of education and information than any lack of interest.
The survey found that 46 percent of millennials do not receive any information on financial matters through their workplace or educational establishment. Other key findings include:
Over half (51 percent) of millennials estimate the size of the fund they will need for retirement by taking a "blind guess" rather than basing it on industry data, with a further 39 percent taking an "educated guess";
Across all respondents, 77 percent want to be told the "stark reality" of their post-retirement finances. However, attitudes vary widely from country to country, only 48 percent of Brazilian millennials want to know the "stark reality", compared to 94 percent of Australians;
Given the choice, millennials would allocate 42 percent of their portfolio to social finance products. However, across all respondents, 95 percent of millennials feel that pension funds and insurers provide limited, poor or no options for investing in social finance products;
Sixty-three percent would save more if their pension allowed multiple lifetime withdrawals.
"High student debt, low job security and low global growth mean millennials face a different set of financial challenges than the baby boomers and Generation X," said Paul Kelly, a graduate from Cambridge Judge Business School and joint-lead researcher for the study. "It is therefore crucial that financial services providers understand how they can empower millennials to save for their retirement."
The report offers a number of potential avenues which would allow financial services providers such as life insurers, banks and asset managers to reach out to millennials in new ways. "The financial services industry needs to do more to promote financial education by partnering with grassroots financial education providers, engaging with schools and universities, and lobbying national governments for change," said Sadia Cuthbert, head of Business Development at Cambridge Judge Business School. "Young people need regular engagement through multiple channels if they are to be equipped to deal with the challenges they face and provide for their own retirement."
"Without a new approach, we face a real risk that the millennial generation will become Generation Lost – lost both to the financial services industry and in terms of its own readiness for retirement," adds Paul Traynor, head of Insurance for EMEA, APAC & LatAm at BNY Mellon. "Millennials say they want more meaningful engagement with insurers and other financial services providers and to be told the truth about how poor they may be in retirement if they do not start saving early. They are ready to hear more confrontational, honest and realistic messages about the challenges they face in providing for their retirement."
"Responsible investment should be more actively marketed to millennials," adds Sandra Carlisle, head of Responsible Investment at Newton Investment Management, a BNY Mellon investment boutique. "Just because millennials have little understanding of responsible investment now, it doesn't mean that they wouldn't invest in this way, given the opportunity. Financial services companies should develop and educate millennials on responsible investments and social finance, and make it easier for them to allocate a percentage of their retirement savings to this segment. An all or nothing approach will put some investors off."