The interdealer broker industry is in the midst of a structural change bought about by product standardization, liquidity consolidation, and electronification. These forces will shape the industry into an exchange-like structure in terms of its size, volumes, quality, and costs of execution and technology.
In a new report, Evolution of the Interdealer Broker Industry: Smells Like e-Spirit, Celent examines the interdealer broker (IDB) industry's structure, growth drivers, product and customer portfolio, technology, and competitive dynamics. It examines three trends affecting the industry (product standardization, liquidity consolidation and electronification) and analyzes the implications of these trends in detail.
Celent finds that the industry is big and growing. Already US$7 billion in size in 2007, Celent expects it to reach US$9.3 billion in revenues in 2009. Furthermore, the industry displays characteristics of a mature market, with five players controlling over 90% of the market.
The industry has been undergoing structural changes over the past five years. It is consolidating into four to five major players. The top three players command about 70% of the total industry revenue, up from less than 50% in 2001. Product standardization of major asset classes is a continuing trend in the capital markets. This results in volume growth but is also accompanied by margin pressures. Product standardization and margin pressures invariably lead to increasing electronification due to the superior quality and efficiency of execution that is characteristic of electronic trading. Electronification of the industry is growing at a fast pace. Celent estimates revenues from electronic brokerage to account for 65% of the overall IDB revenues over the next two-three years, up from 5% in 2004.
"Electronification of this once predominantly voice-based industry promises to alter it significantly," notes Sandeep Hebbar, Celent analyst and author of the report. "Although a sizable market opportunity exists for new entrants, they will have to toil hard if they choose the organic path for growth," he adds.